BASSANO, small town in Veneto (Northern Italy). The first mention of Jews in Bassano is from a document of October 7, 1264; a certain Aicardo was said to own a vineyard. Only from the beginning of the 15th century, when Bassano passed over to   Venetian rule, is there more information. A certain Calimano had a bank in the town in 1404. Venetian authorities allowed Jews to settle in the town. However, moneylenders could only stay for a short time. Via Bricito was known as Via dei Zudei, because of the presence of many Jewish banking establishments. A notarial deed of 1435 reveals, however, that by then Jews resided in all parts of the city. Freedom of worship was granted by the Venetian Republic, but Jews were not allowed to have a synagogue and had to observe their festivals "in the houses in which they dwelled." Relations between the local population and the Jews were quite good. Once in 1486 some Bassano city dwellers attended a Jewish wedding. They were excommunicated by church authorities, but the town council had the excommunication repealed. It is not known if Bassano Jews had to wear the yellow badge, obligatory according to the Venetian decree of 1429. The preaching of Bernardino da Feltre and the creation of monti di pietà (savings and loan agencies) in 1423 brought a decline to the Jewish community. In 1468, a decree of perpetual banishment was issued against them. Nevertheless they returned. In 1475, following the ritual murder charge concerning Simon of trent , the municipality of Bassano requested permission from Venice to expel the Jews. They were banished again by the city council in 1481. However, they were soon readmitted. During the War of the League of Cambrai (1508), the Jews in Bassano paid a heavy tribute, but this did not prevent their expulsion from Bassano at the end of the war in 1509. The banks, however, closed completely only around 1510. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: G. Chiuppani, Gli ebrei a Bassano (1907); Roth, Italy, index; Milano, Italia, index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: F. Brandes, Venice Jewish Itineraries (1996), 24–27; A.M. Piattelli, "Frammenti e manoscritti ebraici negli archivi di stato a Bassano e Verona," in: Italia, 11 (1994), 81–102. (Attilio Milano / Samuel Rocca (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bassano — is an Italian surname and the name of several places in Italy. Places*Communes in Italy: **Bassano Bresciano, in the Province of Brescia **Bassano del Grappa, in the Province of Vicenza **Bassano in Teverina, in the Province of Viterbo **Bassano… …   Wikipedia

  • Bassano — ist die Bezeichnung mehrerer Personen: Die italienische Malerfamilie Bassano des 15. bis 16. Jahrhunderts, dazu zählten: Francesco Bassano der Ältere (um 1475–1539), italienischer Maler Francesco Bassano der Jüngere (1559–1592),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bassano — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bassano puede referirse a: Bassano del Grappa, municipio de Italia de la Provincia de Vicenza en la región del Véneto. Jacopo Bassano (h. 1515 1592), sobrenombre de Giacomo da Ponte, pintor manierista italiano nacido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bassano — (Париж,Франция) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: 15, Rue de Bassano, 16 й округ: П …   Каталог отелей

  • Bassāno [2] — Bassāno, 1) Alvarode B., Marquesede Santa Cruz, spanischer Admiral, er focht gegen Franzosen, Engländer, Türken u. Barbaresken mehrere Siege, nahm 1586 Drake bei Helena gefangen, suchte König Philipp II. von Spanien die Ausrüstung der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bassāno [1] — Bassāno, Distriktshauptstadt in der ital. Provinz Vicenza, am linken Ufer der Brenta und an der Eisenbahn Padua B., 130 m ü. M., ist von alten Mauern mit sechs Toren (eins von Palladio erbaut) umgeben und mit der gegenüberliegenden Vorstadt… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • BASSANO — (Bassan, Bassani), name of Italian family deriving from the town bassano . In the 17th and 18th centuries, it produced several rabbis and scholars, outstanding among whom are: mordecai bassani (c. 1632–1703), rabbi of Verona and ISAIAH BEN ISRAEL …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bassāno [2] — Bassāno, 1) Jacopo da, eigentlich da Ponte. ital. Maler, geb. 1510 in Bassano, gest. daselbst 13. Febr. 1592, bildete sich in Venedig nach Bonifazio und Tizian. Er malte heilige Gegenstände in gewöhnlicher Auffassung, aber kecker, leuchtender… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bassano [2] — Bassāno, eigentlich Jacopo da Ponte, venet. Maler, geb. 1510 zu Bassano, gest. 13. Febr. 1592, malte anfangs in der Weise Tizians histor. religiöse Bilder, später Begründer der Genremalerei; Werke bes. in Wien und Dresden. Auch seine vier Söhne… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bassano — Bassano,   Jacopo, eigentlich J. dal Pọnte, italienischer Maler, * Bassano del Grappa um 1510/15, ✝ ebenda 13. 2. 1592; beeinflusst von Tintoretto, Tizian und L. Lotto; malte religiöse Bilder in satten Farben und mit kühnen Lichtwirkungen, in… …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.